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穿越70年,风云变幻的的香港和那场“生死大营救”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月22日 16:36:14
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(太)(平)(洋)(战)(事)(爆)(发)(后)(,日)(军)(从)(陆)(路)(进)(攻)(香)(港)(。这)(时)(东)(江)(纵)(队)(就)(以)(积)(极)(的)(行)(动)(,配)(合)(英)(军)(进)(行)(香)(港)(保)(卫)(战)(。除)(了)(在)(铁)(路)(线)(上)(伏)(击)(日)(军)(,破)(坏)(敌)(人)(运)(输)(外)(,更)(挺)(进)(九)(龙)(,给)(敌)(人)(后)(方)(以)(有)(力)(袭)(击)(。那)(时)(香)(港)(一)(带)(盛)(传)(中)(国)(游)(击)(队)(攻)(入)(深)(圳)(,就)(是)(指)(这)(个)(部)(队)(。
当)(日)(军)(攻)(占)(香)(港)(后)(,东)(纵)(决)(定)(由)(第)(三)(大)(队)(派)(出)(黄)(冠)(芳)(、江)(水)(、刘)(黑)(仔)(等)(率)(领)(武)(工)(进)(入)(沙)(头)(角)(、西)(贡)(、大)(埔)(附)(近)(地)(区)(;第)(五)(大)(队)(派)(出)(周)(伯)(明)(、曾)(鸿)(文)(、黄)(高)(阳)(等)(率)(领)(武)(工)(队)(进)(入)(罗)(湖)(、元)(朗)(、沙)(田)(等)(地)(区)(。游)(击)(队)(分)(别)(从)(惠)(阳)(方)(面)(和)(宝)(安)(方)(面)(分)(三)(批)(插)(入)(新)(界)(:一)(路)(由)(沙)(头)(角)(进)(入)(南)(涌)(、鹿)(头)(、乌)(蛟)(腾)(、七)(木)(桥)(、横)(山)(脚)(等)(村)(,以)(后)(渗)(透)(到)(上)(水)(、粉)(岭)(的)(坪)(洋)(、鹤)(薮)(等)(地)(和)(八)(仙)(岭)(山)(区)(;一)(路)(过)(大)(鹏)(湾)(上)(吉)(澳)(岛)(,稍)(事)(歇)(脚)(,然)(后)(再)(坐)(船)(到)(西)(贡)(,上)(北)(潭)(涌)(、榕)(树)(坳)(,又)(活)(跃)(在)(沙)(田)(观)(音)(山)(、吊)(草)(岩)(一)(带)(,并)(落)(牛)(池)(湾)(,伸)(入)(九)(龙)(市)(中)(心)(区)(,一)(路)(到)(元)(朗)(八)(乡)(、十)(八)(乡)(,以)(后)(东)(连)(大)(埔)(,西)(出)(荃)(湾)(,互)(相)(呼)(应)(。
游)(击)(队)(进)(入)(港)(九)(地)(区)(后)(,首)(先)(收)(集)(了)(英)(军)(溃)(逃)(时)(丢)(下)(的)(武)(器)(弹)(药)(,共)(有)(轻)(重)(机)(枪)(三)(十)(多)(挺)(,步)(枪)(数)(百)(支)(,以)(及)(大)(批)(弹)(药)(、作)(战)(物)(资)(。接)(着)(在)(元)(朗)(地)(区)(处)(决)(了)(一)(批)(民)(愤)(极)(大)(的)(汉)(奸)(,消)(灭)(和)(赶)(走)(了)(盘)(踞)(在)(大)(帽)(山)(的)(两)(股)(土)(匪)(,控)(制)(了)(大)(帽)(山)(。与)(此)(同)(时)(,在)(西)(贡)(地)(区)(打)(击)(和)(迁)(走)(了)(两)(股)(土)(匪)(,消)(灭)(了)(李)(观)(姐)(股)(匪)(六)(十)(余)(人)(。
1942年)(3月)(,广)(东)(人)(民)(抗)(日)(游)(击)(队)(成)(立)(港)(九)(大)(队)(,大)(队)(以)(下)(分)(区)(建)(立)(中)(队)(。1943年)(12月)(,广)(东)(人)(民)(抗)(日)(游)(击)(队)(奉)(令)(成)(立)(东)(江)(纵)(队)(,司)(令)(员)(曾)(生)(、政)(委)(林)(平)(、副)(司)(令)(员)(兼)(参)(谋)(长)(王)(作)(尧)(、政)(治)(部)(主)(任)(杨)(康)(华)(。在)(港)(九)(地)(区)(活)(动)(的)(游)(击)(队)(仍)(称)(港)(九)(大)(队)(,并)(派)(出)(熟)(悉)(港)(九)(情)(况)(的)(原)(香)(港)(淘)(化)(罐)(头)(厂)(工)(人)(蔡)(国)(j任)(大)(队)(长)(,原)(香)(港)(青)(年)(知)(识)(分)(子)(陈)(达)(明)(任)(政)(委)(,黄)(高)(阳)(任)(政)(治)(处)(主)(任)(。由)(于)(所)(处)(环)(境)(特)(殊)(,改)(称)(为)(港)(九)(独)(立)(大)(队)(,直)(属)(东)(江)(纵)(队)(司)(令)(部)(。
(东)(江)(纵)(队)(成)(立)(油)(画)(图)()
挺)(进)(港)(九)(的)(短)(枪)(队)(,经)(过)(一)(段)(时)(间)(的)(斗)(争)(,把)(当)(地)(土)(匪)(大)(部)(分)(消)(灭)(或)(驱)(逐)(,在)(各)(地)(获)(得)(了)(立)(足)(点)(。并)(通)(过)(发)(动)(群)(众)(,建)(立)(了)(抗)(日)(自)(卫)(队)(、常)(备)(队)(、护)(村)(队)(等)(,形)(成)(了)(群)(众)(自)(己)(的)(武)(装)(组)(织)(。1943年)(春)(夏)(以)(后)(,各)(个)(地)(区)(以)(短)(枪)(队)(为)(基)(础)(,先)(后)(组)(建)(了)(西)(贡)(中)(队)(、沙)(头)(角)(中)(队)(、元)(朗)(中)(队)(、大)(屿)(山)(中)(队)(、海)(上)(纵)(队)(。此)(外)(为)(了)(加)(强)(市)(区)(的)(游)(击)(战)(,还)(成)(立)(了)(市)(区)(队)(。
港)(九)(地)(域)(狭)(小)(,而)(又)(是)(敌)(人)(军)(警)(林)(立)(的)(地)(区)(,港)(九)(大)(队)(进)(行)(的)(游)(击)(战)(,主)(要)(采)(取)(隐)(蔽)(斗)(争)(形)(式)(,着)(重)(发)(挥)(短)(枪)(队)(机)(动)(灵)(活)(的)(特)(点)(,运)(用)(奇)(袭)(、伏)(袭)(等)(游)(击)(战)(术)(打)(击)(敌)(人)(。因)(此)(,各)(地)(区)(中)(队)(均)(编)(有)(短)(枪)(队)(,大)(队)(也)(有)(一)(个)(直)(属)(的)(短)(枪)(队)(。
他)(们)(采)(取)(高)(度)(灵)(活)(的)(斗)(争)(策)(略)(,在)(沙)(田)(地)(区)(展)(开)(活)(动)(,以)(观)(音)(山)(、吊)(草)(岩)(一)(带)(为)(依)(托)(,频)(频)(出)(击)(,经)(历)(了)(数)(十)(次)(战)(斗)(。观)(音)(山)(、吊)(草)(岩)(一)(带)(是)(在)(日)(军)(包)(围)(中)(的)(小)(块)(三)(角)(地)(,共)(有)(十)(多)(个)(村)(庄)(,稍)(有)(麻)(痹)(就)(会)(遭)(到)(敌)(人)(的)(袭)(击)(。为)(了)(安)(全)(,短)(枪)(队)(白)(天)(化)(装)(活)(动)(,派)(出)(自)(卫)(队)(到)(各)(个)(路)(口)(放)(哨)(,还)(在)(周)(围)(建)(立)(了)(十)(多)(个)(营)(地)(,经)(常)(变)(换)(驻)(地)(。日)(军)(在)(许)(多)(村)(庄)(安)(插)(了)(汉)(奸)(,搜)(集)(游)(击)(队)(的)(情)(况)(,短)(枪)(队)(把)(肃)(清)(当)(地)(的)(汉)(奸)(走)(狗)(作)(为)(头)(项)(任)(务)(。他)(们)(先)(后)(肃)(清)(了)(沙)(田)(围)(村)(、沙)(田)(头)(村)(的)(汉)(奸)(密)(侦)(,拔)(掉)(了)(敌)(人)(的)(爪)(牙)(,堵)(塞)(了)(日)(军)(的)(耳)(目)(。
香)(港)(的)(第)(一)(座)(烈)(士)(纪)(念)(碑)(,是)(在)(船)(湾)(郊)(野)(公)(园)(范)(围)(之)(内)(。从)(沙)(角)(道)(可)(通)(至)(该)(纪)(念)(碑)(的)(所)(在)(地)(,地)(名)(为)(乌)(蛟)(腾)(村)(。该)(处)(位)(于)(八)(仙)(岭)(附)(近)(。这)(个)(纪)(念)(碑)(建)(于)(1951年)(10月)(,原)(名)(“抗)(日)(纪)(念)(碑)(”,获)(港)(英)(政)(府)(同)(意)(兴)(建)(。1985年)(9月)(重)(修)(。重)(修)(时)(由)(曾)(生)(题)(字)(,写)(上)(“抗)(日)(英)(烈)(纪)(念)(碑)(”7字)(。重)(修)(后)(,通)(往)(纪)(念)(碑)(入)(口)(处)(增)(建)(一)(指)(示)(牌)(坊)(,沿)(途)(铺)(有)(石)(路)(。
1942年)(9月)(25日)((中)(秋)(节)(翌)(日)()早)(晨)(,日)(军)(出)(动)(数)(百)(兵)(力)(,包)(围)(了)(乌)(蛟)(腾)(村)(。全)(村)(人)(被)(赶)(到)(空)(地)(集)(中)(,然)(后)(挨)(家)(挨)(户)(去)(搜)(查)(,但)(既)(搜)(不)(到)(游)(击)(队)(,也)(搜)(不)(到)(枪)(支)(。日)(寇)(十)(分)(恼)(火)(,就)(对)(区)(役)(所)(指)(定)(为)(村)(长)(的)(李)(世)(藩)(进)(行)(审)(问)(。面)(对)(敌)(人)(的)(利)(诱)(和)(严)(刑)(,李)(世)(藩)(坚)(贞)(不)(屈)(,没)(供)(出)(半)(点)(情)(况)(,惨)(被)(日)(军)(火)(烧)(及)(拷)(打)(灌)(水)(逼)(害)(,四)(十)(多)(岁)(的)(李)(世)(藩)(,最)(终)(在)(押)(解)(途)(中)(牺)(牲)(。
另)(一)(位)(村)(长)(李)(源)(培)(,则)(因)(被)(烤)(时)(伤)(重)(昏)(迷)(,令)(日)(军)(产)(生)(错)(觉)(才)(幸)(免)(于)(难)(。日)(军)(把)(李)(源)(培)(拉)(到)(河)(边)(,拷)(打)(灌)(水)(,用)(军)(马)(践)(踩)(腹)(部)(,在)(李)(源)(培)(背)(上)(烧)(熟)(烟)(丝)(,烧)(得)(他)(皮)(开)(肉)(烂)(,昏)(了)(过)(去)(又)(用)(水)(泼)(醒)(,醒)(了)(又)(再)(烧)(,如)(此)(轮)(番)(折)(磨)(,李)(源)(培)(已)(是)(奄)(奄)(一)(息)(,日)(寇)(仍)(然)(一)(无)(所)(获)(。天)(也)(快)(黑)(了)(,他)(们)(只)(得)(悻)(悻)(然)(收)(兵)(回)(去)(。
两)(名)(村)(长)(的)(英)(勇)(事)(迹)(,激)(起)(村)(民)(同)(仇)(敌)(忾)(,乌)(蛟)(腾)(村)(至)(1945年)(抗)(日)(胜)(利)(仍)(未)(被)(日)(军)(占)(领)(。香)(港)(重)(光)(后)(,村)(民)(缅)(怀)(历)(次)(在)(抗)(日)(中)(牺)(牲)(的)(兄)(弟)(,马)(来)(西)(亚)(一)(位)(华)(侨)(更)(捐)(款)(建)(议)(建)(纪)(念)(碑)(,悼)(念)(烈)(士)(抗)(日)(的)(事)(迹)(。这)(个)(纪)(念)(碑)(终)(于)(于)(1951年)(10月)(在)(一)(处)(叫)(做)(“三)(担)(箩)(”的)(地)(方)(落)(成)(,死)(里)(逃)(生)(的)(李)(源)(培)(更)(是)(其)(中)(一)(个)(主)(持)(揭)(幕)(的)(嘉)(宾)(。烈)(士)(纪)(念)(碑)(高)(约)(丈)(余)(,白)(色)(素)(底)(,碑)(顶)(有)(一)(颗)(红)(星)(,碑)(石)(上)(除)(七)(位)(烈)(士)(的)(芳)(名)(外)(,还)(刻)(有)(“各)(位)(烈)(士)(芳)(名)(永)(垂)(不)(朽)(”的)(字)(句)(。在)(苍)(翠)(的)(松)(柏)(围)(绕)(下)(,显)(得)(分)(外)(庄)(严)(。
第)(二)(座)(抗)(日)(纪)(念)(碑)(已)(于)(1988年)(落)(成)(,地)(点)(是)(西)(贡)(北)(约)(北)(潭)(坳)(分)(路)(往)(赤)(径)(路)(右)(上)(侧)(山)(坡)(一)(处)(官)(地)(,这)(座)(纪)(念)(碑)(是)(经)(过)(多)(次)(申)(请)(和)(要)(求)(,港)(英)(政)(府)(才)(允)(许)(拨)(地)(建)(筑)(。碑)(身)(用)(石)(材)(建)(成)(,外)(层)(用)(中)(国)(云)(石)(。石)(碑)(上)(刻)(有)(一)(篇)(碑)(记)(,记)(述)(抗)(日)(游)(击)(队)(港)(九)(大)(队)(当)(年)(在)(西)(贡)(的)(英)(烈)(事)(迹)(。
西)(贡)(区)(当)(年)(抗)(日)(牺)(牲)(人)(士)(的)(名)(字)(,刻)(在)(纪)(念)(碑)(上)(,以)(慰)(英)(灵)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
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